Abbas Hilmi, II

Male 1874 - 1944  (70 years)


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  • Name Abbas Hilmi   [1
    Suffix II 
    Born 14 Jul 1874  Alexandria, , Al Iskandariyah, Egypt Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 21 Dec 1944  Geneva, , Gen Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I72495  alger
    Last Modified 4 Apr 2017 

    Father Muhammad Tawfiq,   b. 1852,   d. 1892  (Age 40 years) 
    Mother Princess Emine Hanem,   b. 1858,   d. 1931  (Age 73 years) 
    Family ID F29296  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Ikbal Hanim,   b. 1876,   d. 1941  (Age 65 years) 
    Married 19 Feb 1895 
    Children 
     1. Unknown,   b. Est 1895,   d. Yes, date unknown
     2. Unknown,   b. Est 1896,   d. Yes, date unknown
     3. Unknown,   b. Est 1897,   d. Yes, date unknown
     4. Unknown,   b. Est 1898,   d. Yes, date unknown
     5. Muhammad Abdel Moneim,   b. 20 Feb 1899,   d. 1979  (Age 79 years)
     6. Unknown,   b. Est 1902,   d. Yes, date unknown
    Last Modified 31 Jul 2015 
    Family ID F29299  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Countess Marianne Torok de Szendro,   b. 1874, , , , Hungary Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1944  (Age 70 years) 
    Married 28 Feb 1910 
    Divorced 1913 
    Last Modified 31 Jul 2015 
    Family ID F29300  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • Until he was eight years old, Abbas was raised in the harem. He then began attending a school next to the Cairo Abdin Palace. In 1883 he began education in Switzerland, and transferred to the Theresianum Academy in Vienna in 1887. He could converse in Arabic, English, French, German and Turkish (his native language).

      When his father died in 1892, he was immediately installed as khedive (viceroy) of Egypt. At this time, Britain ruled Egypt, but Abbas was allowed to reign. Unhappy with the ruling British government, which led to several political clashes with the British officials. Abbas wanted a strong monarchy for Egypt, not British style democracy.

      Abbas had an affair with a Hungarian countess in 1900. He wanted to marry her, but his father has stipulated that the Egyptian ruler must have only one wife. He secretly married his lover, Marianne Torok de Szendro without divorcing his first wife.

      In 1914, an assassination attempt wounded him in the face while he was visiting in Turkey. He was recuperating there when World War I broke out. He was not allowed to return to Egypt under the pretense that he was pro-Ottoman Empire. He was ultimately deposed and succeeded by his father's brother, Hussein Kamal who was given the title sultan instead of khedive to symbolize the break with the Ottoman Empire, making Abbas the last khedive of Egypt. During the war, Abbas lived in Vienna and Switzerland.

      After the war he attempted to receive compensation from Britain for properties it had confiscated, but was unsuccessful. His Turkish estates were also confiscated in the 1920s. In 1931 he finally gave up hope of regaining the throne and renounced his claim in return for an annual pension of

  • Sources 
    1. [S323] Oxford Dictionary of National Biography - http://www.oxforddnb.com/ (Reliability: 3).


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